Sunday, January 6, 2019
Incarceration of African American Males Essay
Introduction The trend of African the Statesn manlikes amidst the ages of 25 and 29 has seen a dramatic increase of incarc periodtion. Attention has been commission on argonas of housing, education, and healthc ar moreover the closely prominent problem for African American males is the increase in the incarceration position. African American males between the ages of 25 and 29 incarceration rate has been thought, by m whatsoever, to be caused by economic factors such as below employ custodyt or unemploy ment, unfortunate housing, insufficiency of education, and privation of healthcargon.Yet, others believe it is imputable to the imbalance of minorities at bottom the criminal referee establishment, such as adjudicate, equityyers, and lawmakers. This paper leave behind explore two different outlooks nightspot has come up with so far, as to why African American Males between the ages of 25 and 29 atomic number 18 increasingly incarcerated. Fin everyy, the information allow for give cognizance to the problems that is faced by African American Males between the ages of 25 and 29. Prevalence caper 1 More than 40% of all American pris peerlessrs, men and women, ar African American men, withal they make up just 13% of the U. S. male race (Roberts, 2004).This statistic does non include those African American men who ar in local jails nor does it include those African American men under custodial supervision ( delay 2). They take down the state and federal prison system, at the prime of their economic and reproductive lives and yet they exit prison behind two economically and tenderly. The high rate of incarceration among African Americans has been noned by the interconnection of unforesightful economy, privation of affordable housing, mental illness, substance abuse, domestic violence, absence seizure of a strong black male mathematical function model, lack of access to education, or nearly type of combination of these factors.Sta tistics dont even give African American males a good probability to interference out of jail. They commence a whiz in four chance of organism incarcerated, while Hispanic American males hasten a one in 6 chance, and white males only when take a one in 20 three chance of incarceration. The ruse of African Americans delineates them obscure and makes them targetable. Prevalence Problem 2 in that respect is evidence, in our American Justice System, of geomorphologic inequality as seen in the helpings of minorities to the percentage of majorities employed in high rank positions, within the system.The percentage of join States judges by race argon 79% Caucasian, 12% African American, and 2% Hispanics American (Federal Judicial Center, 2012), as for the thousands of lawyers in the joined States it is approximate of 3% are African American (National Law root word, 2010-2011), and about 1 in 4 police officers are members of a racial or ethnic minority in 2007 (Bureau of J ustice Statistics, 2013). An investigation into racial profiling showed that African American and Hispanic American offenders, who often are young unemployed males, are much likely than their white counterparts (Spohn, C., 2000).Their prison sentences are also typically longer or they receive differential benefits from guideline departures than do similarly situated white offenders (Spohn, C. , 2000). We must ac fellowship the problems of racial inconsistency within the criminal rightness system, communicate racial disparity within the criminal justness system with those we who are not conscious of the problem, and stay committed to changing racial disparity within our justice system for transpose to begin.Causes In researching the high rate of incarceration in America it is more likely than not that the increase in African American Males beingness incarcerated is callable to the War on Drugs (Table 1). It is prevalent companionship that drug crime ranks high among the pe rsonal effects of beggary. These poor neighborhoods not only lean crime they have poor schools, poor food, cr antiophthalmic factored living areas, and shortage of jobs if any jobs at all.Drugs and drug crime has perish regularity in low income communities, arrests of Hispanics do up 55% of cocaine pulverize offences and 52% of marijuana offenses and 49% involving opiates African Americans were suspected in 75% of demote cocaine cases White males were suspected in 41% all methamphetamine cases (Motivans, M. , 2011). Decades of failed public and private remedies for chronic disparities and disadvantages in communities of coloring invite us to reexamine systems and institutions that nominate and restrict opportunity in radical ways (Lawrence, K. , 2011).The causes front to be intertwined being poor equals, equals a poor education, equals lack of employment, and ultimately equals an increased rate of crime. Consequences The causes seem to be intertwined being poor, equals lack of education, which equals lack of employment, which equals increased rate of crime which equals impossibility to join criminal justice system. Also, many a(prenominal) of these men are incarcerated while all the other non-incarcerated American young men are finishing school, starting careers, earning length of service at course, marrying and having children thus gaining capital.Even when released from prison, these men return back to their communities with a felony disc that will pose extreme problems for them. The incarceration leads the released convict into a lower social anatomy even if they were considered lower club Americans prior to their incarceration they now are lower in social class standing in most instances. This leads to a poor African American fellowship, by chance as many as 50% of the male population will have been in prison.These incarcerated African American Males, who are in their prime of life, also are leaving half the families in this fraternity f acing such things as poverty, lack of affordable housing, mental illness, substance abuse, violence, absence of a strong black male role model, lack of access to education, or some type of combination of these factors. The community ultimately will become poverty stricken, struggling to survive, and ultimately vulnerable to the slip repeating. Solutions How can this be compoundd? There are four key aspects to addressing racial disparity, in my opinion 1.Ac hold upledge 2. Communication 3. turn around = Strength 4. Commitment Not only is the problem of racial disparity under recognized by order of magnitude it is not being communicated effectively to make change. volume classs claims to acknowledge racial disparity and minority groups need to communicate their knowledge regarding racial disparity. As from each one group majority and minority begins to become look at their information with each other and work together for a common response acknowledging there will be setbac ks but with continued commitment systemic change will happen.Conclusion By refusing to go disparate treatment of people of color or anyone within the criminal justice system we empower ourselves and our country. It is time that everyone including our legislators, law enforcement, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges work jointly and courageously to eradicate this negative stigma. Despite, America being known for its equal rights we are living proof that in this era inequality is a factor that cannot be taken lightly. The statistics that are surrounding African American males is astounding.We need to empower African American males with the knowledge that they have a one in four chance of becoming incarcerated. It is also important to know that Hispanic males have a one in six chance, and white males have a one in twenty three chance of incarceration. All of these statistics need to be addressed to empower each and every one us. Throughout story we have not seen a change in m ajority groups (White, Male) and minority groups (Women, anyone that is not White) although we have seen numbers of minorities increasing at a fast pace.Today, however, the election of Barack Obama, not once but twice, may set the new ideal of what an American rattling is. As we knocker different cultures and their ethnic backgrounds society will prosper. As society increases their knowledge, in regards to each persons differences, they will acquire greater intensity level and prosperity. The only issue, that can occur, will be in the short term empowering others to embrace diversity. When we look beyond short-term, focus will shift to diverse empowerment by embracing the knowledge of our differences thus devising us stronger as a society. bow 1 minatory PROPORTION OF medicine ARRESTS, EXCLUDING MARIJUANA POSSESSION YEAR BLACK % 1999 40. 1 2000 39. 3 2001 39. 1 2002 35. 8 2003 33. 8 2004 33. 1 2005 33. 2 data calculated from drug arrest figures by race provided by the simil ar umbrage Reports division of the FBI TABLE 2 FBI umbrage REPORT Arrests By Race, 2006 11,249 agencies 2006 estimated population 216,685,152 append White Black American Indian or Alaskan Native Asiatic or Pacific islander sum up White Black American Indian or Alaskan Native Asian or Pacific Islander come in 10,437,620.7270214 2924724 130589 112093 coulomb. 0 69. 7 28 1. 3 1. 1 Drug abuse violations 1376192 875101 483886 8198 9607 kB 63. 6 35. 1 0. 6 0. 7 DUIS 1034651 914226 95260 13484 11681 100 88. 4 9. 2 1. 3 1. 1 Liquor laws 466323 398068 50035 12831 5389 100 85. 4 10. 7 2. 8 1. 2 Drunken-ness 408439 344155 54113 7884 2287 100 84. 3 13. 2 1. 9 0. 6 Dis-orderly conduct 5117264 325991 179733 7606 3934 100 63. 0 34. 7 1. 5 0. 8 (The FBI Uniform Crime Report, 2010) References Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013, http//bjs. ojp. usdoj. gov/index. cfm?ty=tp&tid=71 The FBI Uniform Crime Reports, 2010, Table 43, http//www. fbi. gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u. s/2010/crim e-in-the-u. s. -2010/tables/table-43 Federal Judicial Center, 2012, Overview of the United States Court System, http//www. fjc. gov/public/pdf. nsf/lookup/FJC_Standard_PPT_English_June_2012. pdf/$ wedge/FJC_Standard_PPT_English_June_2012. pdf Lawrence, K. , 2011, Race, Crime, and PunishmentBreaking the Connection in America, http//www. aspeninstitute. org/sites/default/files/ case/docs/pubs/Race-Crime-Punishment.pdf Motivans, Mark, 2011, Washington, DC US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, http//bjs. ojp. usdoj. gov/content/pub/pdf/fjs09. pdf National Law Group 2010-2011, http//blacklawyers. net/ Roberts, D. , 2004, Measuring the Social and good Cost of Mass Incarceration, in African American Communities, http//www. law. fsu. edu/faculty/2003-2004workshops/roberts. pdf Spohn,C. ,2000, Thirty long time of Sentencing Reform The Quest for a racially Neutral Sentencing Process, http//www. justicestudies. com/pubs/livelink3-1. pdf.